Project management entails planning, organizing, co-ordinating or scheduling, controlling and directing the activities of a project. Project management can also be regarded as a planning and control mechanism for using resources to achieve specific objectives. As with any project, good organization and management are essential elements in ensuring the success of a project. From a simple check listm to computer programmes, there are various ways in which to ensure the smooth running of a project and tracking when, where and how activities are to be completed. Project management is also about overcoming obstacles which are numerous when involved in the building of a home, like unrealistic expectations of the owner and the limited number of skills available within the industry.
Project management has three critical elements: time, cost and quality. These elements interact constantly and a balance must be established and maintained between them. Remembering if time and cost receive priority, then quality will be neglected, and vice versa. The reality in South Africa at present is the emphasis on time and cost, resulting in many poorly built homes, which is compounded by the lack of skills.